Frequently Asked Questions
Explaining brownfield and greenfield development opportunities is best
done in a verbal environment due to the intricacies of each property. We
have compiled several of the more frequently asked questions below to help
broaden the familiarity with brownfield developments. If you have additional
questions, please phone (757) 461-7441 or contact us via our online form.
Q: What is a Brownfield?
A: A brownfield is an unused or underused real property that has some
level of chemical, radiological, or petroleum contamination. Brownfield
parcels are generally older industrial sites centrally located to city
centers, population centers and transportation hubs.
Q: What is a Greenfield?
A: A greenfield is virgin, uncontaminated land suitable for any use. Generally
located in city outskirts, proximate to suburbia, farther from transportation
What is the Brownfield Restoration & Land Renewal
A: Virginia has been among the first of the states to enact progressive
legislation encouraging the remediation and re-use of brownfields. The
Brownfield Restoration and Land Renewal Act sets the guidelines and regulations
for re-using brownfields. This Virginia act grants three protections from
state laws to persons with an interest in a contaminated property, amnesty,
limitation of liability and immunity. Brownfield Development Company is
well versed in the Act and its ramifications.
Q: What is CERCLA?
A: Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability
Act of 1980 (CERCLA), owners, lenders and purchasers of contaminated property
could face civil penalties, costly involuntary cleanup efforts mandated
and overseen by the DEQ or EPA and even criminal charges. Brownfield Development
Company works with state and federal agencies and new legislation that
allows acquisition of brownfields without assuming liability under CERCLA
Q: What is a the VRP?
A: A VRP is a Voluntary Remediation Program (VRP) that addresses contaminated
Q: What is a the Brownfields Revitalization and Environmental Restoration
Act of 2002?
A: This act provides support to state voluntary cleanup
programs by enacting a “federal bar” to enforcement for properties
that have completed a state program. This is just one of several vehicles
Company utilizes in assessing and redeveloping brownfield parcels.
Q: How does redevelopment help the environment?
A: Brownfield sites are already contaminated and potentially causing harm
to the environment in some capacity. Brownfield redevelopment includes
a strategic plan to clean up environmental hazards in accordance with Virginia
DEQ guidelines. All cleanup efforts must be approved in full and are a
critical part of any brownfield redevelopment project.
If a parcel is not redeveloped, it is likely the contaminants will remain
and continue to pollute the environment.